Co-occurring Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a spectrum complex disorders characterized (in varying degrees) by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors. ASD is a pervasive developmental disorder that delays the development of basic skills, including the ability to socialize, communicate and develop independent living skills. The exact cause of ASD isn’t known, but research suggests genetics and environment play important roles. Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with ASD than girls, however, there’s currently a debate regarding the under diagnosis of girls on the spectrum due to their higher rate of rule compliance.
Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), there are two types of main behaviors: “restricted/repetitive behaviors” and “social communication/interaction behaviors.”
Restrictive/repetitive actions may include:
Social communication/interaction behaviors may include: